Medication used to treat severe acne


Isotretinoin is a medication used to treat severe acne that has not responded to other treatments. It is a powerful oral medication derived from vitamin A and works by reducing the amount of oil produced by the skin, preventing clogged pores, and reducing inflammation.

Treatment Duration and Expectations

Isotretinoin treatment typically lasts for several months, and improvements in acne can be seen within the first few weeks of treatment. However, complete clearance of acne may take several months or longer.

Usage and Precautions

Isotretinoin should only be taken under the guidance of a healthcare provider who specializes in dermatology. Before starting Isotretinoin, it’s important to discuss any existing medical conditions, medications, and potential risks with your healthcare provider.

Monitoring and Follow-Up

During the course of Isotretinoin treatment, regular monitoring and follow-up appointments are essential. Your healthcare provider will monitor your progress, assess the response to treatment, and address any concerns or side effects that may arise.

Possible Side Effects

Isotretinoin can have significant side effects, and it’s important to be aware of them before starting the medication. Common side effects may include:

  • Dryness: Isotretinoin can cause dryness of the skin, lips, eyes, and nasal passages. Regular moisturization and use of lip balms can help manage this side effect.
  • Increased Sensitivity to Sun: Isotretinoin can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. It’s important to use sunscreen and protective clothing when going outdoors.
  • Elevated Lipid Levels: Isotretinoin can temporarily increase lipid levels in the blood. Regular monitoring of blood lipids may be required during treatment.
  • Mood Changes: Isotretinoin has been associated with mood changes, including feelings of sadness or irritability. If you experience any concerning mood changes, it’s important to discuss them with your healthcare provider.

Contraception and Pregnancy Prevention

Isotretinoin is known to cause severe birth defects if taken during pregnancy. It is crucial to use effective contraception measures before, during, and after Isotretinoin treatment to prevent pregnancy. Your healthcare provider will provide detailed guidance on contraception methods and requirements.


Isotretinoin can be an effective treatment option for severe acne, but it should only be used under the supervision of a qualified healthcare provider. They will evaluate your specific condition, discuss the potential risks and benefits, and guide you through the treatment process.

Remember to consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice and guidance specific to your condition and individual needs.