Albinism - Lack of Pigment in Skin, Hair, and Eyes

Introduction to Albinism

Albinism is a genetic condition characterized by the absence or insufficient production of melanin, resulting in the lack of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes. Individuals with albinism often have very fair skin, light-colored hair, and light-sensitive eyes.

Causes of Albinism

Albinism is caused by genetic mutations that affect the production of melanin. These mutations can be inherited from parents who carry the altered genes.

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Ainhum - Painful Constriction of the Fifth Toe

Introduction to Ainhum

Ainhum, also known as dactylolysis spontanea, is a rare condition characterized by the gradual and painful constriction of the base of the fifth toe. This constriction leads to the formation of a constricting band and subsequent tissue damage.

Causes of Ainhum

The exact cause of Ainhum is not fully understood, but several factors may contribute:

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Actinomycetoma - Skin and Soft Tissue Infection

Introduction to Actinomycetoma

Actinomycetoma is a chronic infection affecting the skin and underlying soft tissues, typically caused by the bacteria Actinomyces or Nocardia. This condition leads to the formation of painful nodules and draining sinuses.

Causes of Actinomycetoma

Actinomycetoma is caused by the introduction of Actinomyces or Nocardia bacteria into the skin through wounds, injuries, or splinters. These bacteria proliferate and lead to localized infection.

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Actinodermatitis - Skin Inflammation Caused by Radiation

Introduction to Actinodermatitis

Actinodermatitis is a skin condition characterized by inflammation and damage to the skin caused by exposure to various sources of radiation, including sunlight and medical procedures.

Causes of Actinodermatitis

Actinodermatitis can be caused by:

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Actinic Prurigo - Sun-Induced Itchy Lesions

Introduction to Actinic Prurigo

Actinic Prurigo is a skin condition characterized by the development of itchy and inflamed lesions following exposure to sunlight. This condition primarily affects individuals with heightened sensitivity to UV rays.

Causes of Actinic Prurigo

While the exact cause of Actinic Prurigo is not fully understood, several factors are believed to contribute:

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